The P-51 "Mustang" was a fighter developed by the US North American company for the United Kingdom in 1940 to replace the original P-40 aircraft requested in the UK.
On October 26, 1940, the P-51 prototype was first tested, and the factory code was NA-73, alias " Mustang" In November 1941, the first P-51 aircraft was handed over to the Royal Air Force. In the latter part of the Second World War, the P-51 aircraft was used extensively in the battlefield of Europe and Asia. The P-51 is available in a variety of variants, as well as a "Double Mustang" aircraft spliced from two "Mustang" aircraft, numbered XP-82.
The " Mustang " aircraft has a simple shape and superior performance. It is the most powerful propeller fighter in the Second World War. Its wings are laminar airfoil. The laminar airfoil was the latest pneumatic research result at that time, and the drag coefficient was very small, which could greatly improve the flight speed of the aircraft. Some P-51 modified the maximum flat flying speed of 764 kilometers. The later P-51 aircraft was equipped with a sub-tank, which improved the voyage and took off from the European base. It could escort the bomber all the way to Berlin, the capital of the fascist Germany.
At the end of the Anti-Japanese War, the United States provided more than 150 P-51 aircraft of various types, such as C, D and K, to the Chinese Kuomintang Air Force under the Leasing Act. During the Liberation War, a number of P-51 aircraft were seized by the Chinese People's Liberation Army or by the insurgents. On August 15, 1949, these aircraft were the main squadrons of our army.
On October 1, 1949, at the founding ceremony of the New China, nine P-51 aircraft participated in the formation flight.